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Geology Articles


What are The Apuan Alps?

The Apuan Alps, also known as Alpi Apuane, is a mountain range located in Tuscany, Italy. The mountains are lined with the beautiful white Carrara marble. The light colored stone gives the mountain range a look as though they are covered in snow year round.



The Unique and Beautiful Stones of Brazil

Granite can be found the world over, however, specific regions will sometimes offer their own unique granite with colors and captivating patterns that are native to those areas. The difference is due to the mineral make-up of the region. Granite is made up of quartz, feldspar, and micas. The color and quantity of these components determine the color, pattern and even strength of each specific type of granite. The mineral feldspar is the primary influence of the color and pattern of a slab. The characteristics of Brazilian geology result in uniquely colored stones, typically with dark green or yellowish tones.



About Marble and Granite Quarries in America

We know marble and granite are typically quarried in Brazil and Italy but few people realize that the United States is a leading producer of granite and marble also.  In 2016 more than 580,000 tons of granite and over 55,000 tons of marble were produced in quarries across the country.



The History of Granite in Brazil

When gold was discovered in Brazil early in the 18th century, the event was met by Portugal, whose economy was seriously suffering, with great enthusiasm. The gold rush quickly followed and throughout the first half of the 18th-century people poured into the Brazilian inland region.



The History of Marble in Italy

The Italian marble industry, traceable to the early Renaissance period (14th - 17th century) produces some of the world’s best marbles. Firmly rooted in the distant past, Italian marble quarries are among the country’s oldest production sectors, and the marble itself can be found in some of the world’s most famous structures and artworks, such as Michelangelo’s David.